This TED Talk is an example of why literature from different regions around the world is important. They allow for understanding and discovery about oneself and people around the world to take place in the minds of the reader. Adichie recalls only reading books about white skinned, blue eyed girls for many years in her childhood, not realizing that people who did not fit this North American description could also be present in literature.
I agree with Adichie that it is important to publish books in places where literacy is low because those who want it and can access it, will read it. This may also lead to a higher literacy rate as people hear about these stories and learn to read them.